An emperor (from Latin: imperator, via Old French: empereor) is a monarch, and usually the sovereign ruler of an empire or another type of imperial realm. Empress, the female equivalent, may indicate an emperor's wife (empress consort), mother (empress dowager), or a woman who rules in her own right and name (empress regnant). Emperors are generally recognized to be of the highest monarchic honor and rank, surpassing kings. In Europe, the title of Emperor has been used since the Middle Ages, considered in those times equal or almost equal in dignity to that of Pope due to the latter's position as visible head of the Church and spiritual leader of the Catholic part of Western Europe. The Emperor of Japan is the only currently reigning monarch whose title is translated into English as "Emperor".Both emperors and kings are indicated as monarchs or sovereigns, but both emperor and empress are considered the higher monarchical titles. In as much as there is a strict definition of emperor, it is that an emperor has no relations implying the superiority of any other ruler and typically rules over more than one nation. Therefore, a king might be obliged to pay tribute to another ruler, or be restrained in his actions in some unequal fashion, but an emperor should in theory be completely free of such restraints. However, monarchs heading empires have not always used the title in all contexts—the British sovereign did not assume the title Empress of the British Empire even during the incorporation of India, though she was declared Empress of India.

In Western Europe, the title of Emperor was used exclusively by the Holy Roman Emperor, whose imperial authority was derived from the concept of translatio imperii, i.e. they claimed succession to the authority of the Western Roman Emperors, thus linking themselves to Roman institutions and traditions as part of state ideology. Although initially ruling much of Central Europe and northern Italy, by the 19th century the Emperor exercised little power beyond the German-speaking states.

Although technically an elective title, by the late 16th century the imperial title had in practice come to be inherited by the Habsburg Archdukes of Austria and following the Thirty Years' War their control over the states (outside the Habsburg monarchy, i.e. Austria, Bohemia and various territories outside the empire) had become nearly non-existent. However, Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned Emperor of the French in 1804 and was shortly followed by Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, who declared himself Emperor of Austria in the same year. The position of Holy Roman Emperor nonetheless continued until Francis II abdicated that position in 1806. In Eastern Europe, the monarchs of Russia also used translatio imperii to wield imperial authority as successors to the Eastern Roman Empire. Their status was officially recognized by the Holy Roman Emperor in 1514, although not officially used by the Russian monarchs until 1547. However, the Russian emperors are better known by their Russian-language title of Tsar even after Peter the Great adopted the title of Emperor of All Russia in 1721.

Historians have liberally used emperor and empire anachronistically and out of its Roman and European context to describe any large state from the past or the present. Such Pre-Roman titles as Great King or King of Kings, used by the Kings of Persia and others, are often considered as the equivalent. Sometimes this reference has even extended to non-monarchically ruled states and their spheres of influence such as the Athenian Empire of the late 5th century BC, the Angevin Empire of the Plantagenets and the Soviet and American "empires" of the Cold War era. However, such "empires" did not need to be headed by an "emperor". Empire became identified instead with vast territorial holdings rather than the title of its ruler by the mid-18th century.

For purposes of protocol, emperors were once given precedence over kings in international diplomatic relations, but currently precedence among heads of state who are sovereigns—whether they be kings, queens, emperors, empresses, princes, princesses and, to a lesser degree, presidents—is determined by the duration of time that each one has been continuously in office. Outside the European context, emperor was the translation given to holders of titles who were accorded the same precedence as European emperors in diplomatic terms. In reciprocity, these rulers might accredit equal titles in their native languages to their European peers. Through centuries of international convention, this has become the dominant rule to identifying an emperor in the modern era.


August 5, 2022

Yungblud Riles up Fans on New Single ‘The Emperor’

Upbeat song arrives ahead of the British musician's self-titled studio album

August 5, 2022

Yungblud releases fierce new song ‘The Emperor’ from upcoming deluxe bundle

It's the official 2022 anthem for ESPN’s College Football Season The post Yungblud releases fierce new song ‘The Emperor’ from upcoming deluxe bundle appeared first on NME.

June 1, 2022

Godspeed You! Black Emperor Add 2022 and 2023 Tour Dates

The band is playing a ton of shows in support of G_d’s Pee at State’s End!

February 14, 2022

Godspeed You! Black Emperor release first tape in full

The much sought after tape is now available online The post Godspeed You! Black Emperor release first tape in full appeared first on NME.

February 14, 2022

Godspeed You! Black Emperor Officially Release Debut Tape: Listen

Efrim Manuel Menuck has shared the mythic 1993 tape All Lights Fucked on the Hairy Amp Drooling in response to a leak

December 3, 2021

The Strokes, LCD Soundsystem, and Le Tigre to Perform at 2022 This Ain’t No Picnic Festival

Earl Sweatshirt, Phoebe Bridgers, Caroline Polachek, Godspeed You! Black Emperor, and others are also playing the California event

August 30, 2021

Trivium’s Matt Heafy reveals plans to release black metal album

The upcoming LP will feature Emperor's Ihsahn and Behemoth's Nergal The post Trivium’s Matt Heafy reveals plans to release black metal album appeared first on NME.

April 14, 2021

Demi Lovato’s ‘Dancing With the Devil…’ Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard’s Top Album Sales Chart

Demi Lovato’s "Dancing With the Devil… The Art of Starting Over" debuts at No. 1 on Billboard’s Top Album Sales chart. Plus: Sturgill Simpson, Shakey Graves and Godspeed You! Black Emperor hit top 10.


Live At Wacken Open Air 2006 - A Night Of Emperial Wrath

April 20, 2009

Play on spotify

Live Inferno

April 20, 2009

Play on spotify

Thus Spake The Nightspirit (Live)

February 16, 2009

Play on spotify

Scattered Ashes: A Decade Of Emperial Wrath

March 25, 2003

Play on spotify

Prometheus: The Discipline Of Fire & Demise

October 21, 2001

Play on spotify

Emperial Live Ceremony

May 15, 2000

Play on spotify

IX Equilibrium

February 22, 1999

Play on spotify

Emperor / Wrath Of The Tyrant

September 28, 1998

Play on spotify

Anthems To The Welkin At Dusk

May 12, 1997

Play on spotify


March 12, 1997

Play on spotify

In The Nightside Eclipse

February 21, 1994

Play on spotify

In The Nightside Eclipse (20th Anniversary Edition)

February 21, 1994

Play on spotify