The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country in Europe, off the north-western coast of the continental mainland. It comprises England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands within the British Isles. Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland; otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, the English Channel, the Celtic Sea and the Irish Sea. The total area of the United Kingdom is 93,628 square miles (242,500 km2), with an estimated 2020 population of more than 67 million people.The United Kingdom is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, has reigned since 1952. The capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with a metropolitan area population of over 14 million. Other major cities include Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Liverpool and Leeds. Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers.The United Kingdom has evolved from a series of annexations, unions and separations of constituent countries over several hundred years. The Treaty of Union between the Kingdom of England (which included Wales, annexed in 1542) and the Kingdom of Scotland in 1707 formed the Kingdom of Great Britain. Its union in 1801 with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Most of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, which formally adopted that name in 1927.The nearby Isle of Man, Guernsey and Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown Dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. There are also 14 British Overseas Territories, the last remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's landmass and a third of the world's population, and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and the legal and political systems of many of its former colonies.The United Kingdom has the world's sixth-largest economy by nominal gross domestic product (GDP), and the eighth-largest by purchasing power parity (PPP). It has a high-income economy and a very high human development index rating, ranking 13th in the world. It also performs well in international rankings of education, healthcare, life expectancy and human development. It remains a great power in global affairs. The UK became the world's first industrialised country and was the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Today the UK remains one of the world's great powers, with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific, technological and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear state and is ranked fourth globally in military expenditure. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946.

The United Kingdom is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the United Nations, NATO, AUKUS, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). It was a member state of the European Communities (EC) and its successor, the European Union (EU), from its accession in 1973 until its withdrawal in 2020 following a referendum held in 2016.


July 5, 2022

Watch Olivia Rodrigo Perform Surprise ‘Sour’ Tour Show Encore at U.K. Dive Bar

The singer stopped in at Manchester’s Bunny Jackson’s in between a band’s set for the impromptu Natalie Imbruglia cover

July 5, 2022

Paolo Nutini Heading For U.K. No. 1 With ‘Last Night in the Bittersweet’

Based on midweek data published by the OCC, "Last Night" is outplacing its nearest rival by four to one.

July 4, 2022

Olivia Rodrigo Performs Surprise Cover of ‘Torn’ at U.K. Dive Bar

"I'm dead sober. Nobody's making me do this," Rodrigo said before launching into the '90s tune that was Natalie Imbruglia's breakthrough single.

July 4, 2022

Will LF System Beat Kate Bush to U.K. Chart Crown?

If it holds its course, LF System would have a first-ever chart leader.

July 4, 2022

Harry Styles Holds Off Porcupine Tree For U.K. Chart Title

Veteran prog-rock outfit Porcupine Tree enjoys a career high with "Closure / Continuation" (Music For Nations), their 11th studio album.

July 4, 2022

Kate Bush Extends U.K. Chart Reign

If “Running Up That Hill” can extend its U.K. reign into a fourth week, it’ll match Bush’s all-time streak.

June 29, 2022

Kate Bush Reclaims Top Spot on U.K. Chart With ‘Running Up That Hill’

“Running Up That Hill” racks up 79,000 chart units during the latest cycle, including 8.7 million streams, to retain the crown.

June 24, 2022

Brazil Steps Up Actions Against Digital Piracy in Music Industry

Sweeping operation, with cooperation from U.S. and U.K. authorities, shuts down more than 400 infringing music apps.

June 23, 2022

‘Sounds That Actually Have Feeling’: The Drum-and-Bass Revival Is Finally Here

How the resurgent U.K. dance genre points to changing attitudes about music and nightlife

June 22, 2022

Ed Sheeran Awarded $1.1 Million in "Shape of You" Copyright Lawsuit

The U.K. singer-songwriter was previously accused of plagiarizing Sami Chokri's 2015 song “Oh Why." The award will cover nearly all of Sheeran's legal fees.

June 22, 2022

Universal Music Group Partners With Audiomack for U.K., Canada, Africa

Audiomack expands its footprint on both sides of the Atlantic, and with content deals in 16 African markets.

June 21, 2022

Ed Sheeran Dominates U.K. Airwaves In 2021, Sets Record

Homegrown artists were king, as Dua Lipa, Little Mix, Coldplay and Calvin Harris also cracked the artist Top 10.

June 21, 2022

Drake Challenges Foals For U.K. No. 1 Album

It's Foals vs. Drake for the U.K. albums chart crown.

June 20, 2022

Kate Bush’s ‘Running Up That Hill’ On Track For Another U.K. Chart Crown

"Running Up That Hill" apparently has fresh legs for another sprint.

June 20, 2022

Cher Congratulates Kate Bush on Passing Her In U.K. Record Books

There’s no animosity from Cher, just “mega respect.”

June 20, 2022

George Ezra Completes U.K. Chart Hattrick With ‘Gold Rush Kid’

George Ezra bumps Harry Styles from the top of the leaderboard.

June 20, 2022

Kate Bush Shatters U.K. Records as ‘Running Up That Hill’ Reaches No. 1

“I have to admit I feel really moved by it all," Kate Bush enthuses. "Thank you so very much for making the song a No. 1 in such an unexpected way.”

June 17, 2022

U.K. Lined Up to Host 2023 Eurovision Song Contest in Place of Ukraine

The European Broadcasting Union has begun talks with the BBC to take over hosting duties for the 2023 event.

June 15, 2022

Lil Wayne Denied U.K. Entry Ahead of Strawberries and Creem Festival

The U.K. festival issued a statement Wednesday (June 15) saying that the Home Office made a "last minute decision" about his entry.

June 15, 2022

RAYE Signs With Human Re Sources After Polydor Spat: ‘I Will Finally Be Making Some Money’

The U.K.-based artist and songwriter will release her debut album on the J. Erving imprint after a trying experience at her former label.

June 15, 2022

Girls Aloud Will Lace on the Runners for Sarah Harding Fundraiser

The run will take place London's Hyde Park on July 24, 2022, with money raised going to Cancer Research U.K.

June 14, 2022

George Ezra’s ‘Gold Rush Kid’ Heading For U.K. No. 1

According to the OCC, "Gold Rush Kid" is outselling its closest rival by a four-to-one, and is almost certain to win the crown.

June 13, 2022

Kate Bush’s ‘Running Up That Hill’ Is Racing to U.K. No. 1

“Running Up That Hill” lifts into top spot on the chart blast for the first time.

June 13, 2022

Harry Styles Returns to U.K. Albums Chart Summit

Malone scores a No. 2 debut with "Twelve Carat Toothache," for his third successive U.K. Top 5 appearance.

June 13, 2022

Harry Styles Collects 10th U.K. Chart Crown With ‘As It Was’

Kate Bush’s 1985 single “Running Up That Hill” (Fish People) lifts 6-2, for a new chart peak.

June 8, 2022

You Have to See ENHYPEN’s ‘Magic’ Cover of a Queen Classic

"A Kind of Magic" hit No. 3 in Queen's native U.K. after being used as the end title for the 1986 fantasy adventure film 'Highlander.'

June 8, 2022

Kylie Minogue Brings Her Rosé to America After Sales Pop Off In U.K.: ‘We Believe In This Brand Growing’

"There would have been zero point doing it if I wasn't really invested in it," says the Australian pop icon.

June 7, 2022

Queen Rocks U.K. Chart Milestone With ‘Greatest Hits’

"Greatest Hits" reaches 1,000 weeks inside the Official Albums Chart Top 100, becoming just the third album to do so, and the first by a British act or rock band.

June 7, 2022

Post Malone’s ‘Twelve Carat Toothache’ On Track for Top U.K. Debut

Posty is eyeing a U.K. No. 2 debut for "Twelve Carat Toothache," the follow-up to leaders "Beerbongs & Bentleys" (from 2018) and "Hollywood’s Bleeding" (2019).


Night After Night Extended (Live)

March 8, 2019

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Danger Money

November 4, 2016

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Legends Live in Concert (Live in Boston, MA - 1978)

January 1, 2006

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January 1, 1978

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