Lead is a chemical element with the symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82. It is a heavy metal that is denser than most common materials. Lead is soft and malleable, and also has a relatively low melting point. When freshly cut, lead is silvery with a hint of blue; it tarnishes to a dull gray color when exposed to air. Lead has the highest atomic number of any stable element and three of its isotopes are endpoints of major nuclear decay chains of heavier elements.

Lead is a relatively unreactive post-transition metal. Its weak metallic character is illustrated by its amphoteric nature; lead and lead oxides react with acids and bases, and it tends to form covalent bonds. Compounds of lead are usually found in the +2 oxidation state rather than the +4 state common with lighter members of the carbon group. Exceptions are mostly limited to organolead compounds. Like the lighter members of the group, lead tends to bond with itself; it can form chains and polyhedral structures.

Since lead is easily extracted from its ores, prehistoric people in the Near East were aware of it. Galena is a principal ore of lead which often bears silver. Interest in silver helped initiate widespread extraction and use of lead in ancient Rome. Lead production declined after the fall of Rome and did not reach comparable levels until the Industrial Revolution. Lead played

a crucial role in the development of the printing press, as movable type could be relatively easily cast from lead alloys. In 2014, the annual global production of lead was about ten million tonnes, over half of which was from recycling. Lead's high density, low melting point, ductility and relative inertness to oxidation make it useful. These properties, combined with its relative abundance and low cost, resulted in its extensive use in construction, plumbing, batteries, bullets and shot, weights, solders, pewters, fusible alloys, white paints, leaded gasoline, and radiation shielding.

Lead's toxicity became widely recognized in the late 19th century, although a number of well-educated ancient Greek and Roman writers were aware of this fact and even knew some of the symptoms of lead poisoning. Lead is a neurotoxin that accumulates in soft tissues and bones; it damages the nervous system and interferes with the function of biological enzymes, causing neurological disorders ranging from behavioral problems to brain damage, and also affects general health, cardiovascular, and renal systems.


June 29, 2022

Who Will Lead Warner Music Next? The 12 Top Candidates to Fill Stephen Cooper’s Role

Cooper has said he will step down by the end of 2023. Will the Board choose someone from within the Warner family or seek a fresh voice from outside the biz?

June 27, 2022

The Flaming Lips, Sheryl Crow, the Roots Lead New Climate-Themed Festival This Fall

The Big Climate Thing will take place at New York's Forest Hills Stadium in September and also feature Haim, the Weather Station, Sunflower Bean, Khruangbin, Courtney Barnett, Princess Nokia and Gary Clark Jr.

June 22, 2022

Lil Baby, Ms. Lauryn Hill, Jazmine Sullivan Lead 2022 One Music Festival Lineup

The two-day Atlanta event is set to also feature Jeezy, Rick Ross, Gucci Mane, and more

June 21, 2022

RIP Lead Singles: Why Hip-Hop Titans Are Dropping Full Albums All at Once

Major artists like Drake, Future and Kendrick Lamar are increasingly dropping new projects without lead singles and letting the fans choose the hits.

June 20, 2022

Which Beyoncé Lead Single Is Your All-Time Favorite? Vote!

OK Beyhive, now let's get in formation.

June 14, 2022

J Balvin & Karol G Lead 2022 Premios Juventud Nominations: Complete List

Prince Royce, Eduin Caz, Chiquis and Clarissa Molina will host the awards in Puerto Rico.

June 10, 2022

Demi Lovato Drops ‘Holy Fvck’ Lead Single ‘Skin of My Teeth’: Stream It Now

"I’m just trying to keep my head above water," the artist sings on the rock-laced track.

June 9, 2022

Aimer, SixTONES & YOASOBI Lead Billboard Japan Mid-Year Charts

On the just-unveiled lists, Aimer’s “Zankyosanka” is the No. 1 song on the Japan Hot 100.

June 7, 2022

21 Savage on the ‘Catch-22’ That Could Lead to Rappers Getting RICO Charges

During a recent appearance on 'My Expert Opinion' with Math Hoffa, 21 Savage shared his thoughts on Young Thug and Gunna's ongoing RICO case.

June 2, 2022

Bad Bunny & BTS Lead Young, Diverse Mid-Year Boxscore Report

Live Nation, AEG Presents and Las Vegas shine in live music's post-COVID comeback.

May 24, 2022

Will AI Lead to New Creative Frontiers or Take the Pleasure Out of Music?

We can now train machines to play and write music that goes beyond mere mimicry—but does that mean we should?

May 24, 2022

Jackson Wang, Joji, Rich Brian Lead Lineup for Asian-Centric Head in the Clouds Festival

Festival will also feature performances from NIKI, Jay Park and Chung Ha as organizers 88rising assemble a 'who's who' of top Asian talent

May 23, 2022

Demi Lovato Reveals Lead Single of Upcoming Album

The lead single is titled "Skin of My Teeth."

May 18, 2022

Genesis Owusu, Amyl and The Sniffers, Courtney Barnett Lead AIR Awards Nominations

With a hattrick of nominations, Genesis Owusu is the artist to beat leading into the 2022 AIR Awards.

May 4, 2022

Eminem, Dolly Parton, Duran Duran, Lionel Richie Lead Rock & Roll Hall of Fame 2022 Class

Pat Benatar, Judas Priest, Carly Simon, Eurythmics, and Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis will also enter the Cleveland institution

May 3, 2022

Zach Bryan, Cody Jinks Lead Born & Raised Music Festival Lineup

Three-day event focused on Red Dirt and Texas sounds will return to Pryor, Oklahoma, in September

April 29, 2022

Harry Styles, Northland Lead Australia’s Charts

Harry Styles’ “As It Was” (via Columbia/Sony) returns to No. 1 on Australia’s singles chart while Northland leads a homegrown 1-2 on the national albums survey with Obsidian. After two weeks in the runner-up spot, Styles’ latest hit bounces back to the summit of the ARIA Singles Chart, for the week of May 2, 2022, […]

April 26, 2022

BTS Roundup: Jimin’s Apartment Seizure Explained & Suga Producing Lead Single From Psy’s Album | Billboard News

It’s time for a BTS roundup! Big Hit explains what really happened after Jimin’s apartment was seized and Suga is working with Psy on the lead single from his upcoming album.

April 26, 2022

BTS’ Suga Produced the Lead Single From Psy’s Upcoming Album

It's the first-ever meeting of the K-pop superstar minds.

April 26, 2022

Bad Bunny to Star in ‘El Muerto,’ Making Him Marvel’s First Latino Live-Action Lead

Film follows Puerto Rican superstar's appearances in Narcos: Mexico and the upcoming film Bullet Train

April 26, 2022

Bad Bunny to Star in ‘El Muerto,’ Making Him Marvel’s First Latino Live-Action Lead

Film follows Puerto Rican superstar's appearances in Narcos: Mexico and the upcoming film Bullet Train

April 26, 2022

Pepe Garza to Lead Estrella Media’s New Music Division

“I’m excited to help build the careers of some of the most exciting artists in Latin music," says the Mexican executive.

April 20, 2022

Jay-Z, Yo Gotti & Team ROC’s Legal Efforts Lead Department of Justice to Investigate Mississippi Prison Conditions

The DOJ has since "provided the state of Mississippi with written notice of the supporting facts for these findings and the minimum remedial measures necessary to address them."

April 20, 2022

Chris Stapleton, Brandi Carlile Lead 2022 Pilgrimage Festival Lineup

The Avett Brothers, Jon Batiste, Adia Victoria are also on the bill for the Nashville-area concert

April 14, 2022

Warner Bros. Discovery Reportedly Looking to Reshape DC Entertainment, Seeking Kevin Feige-Like Lead

Following Discovery’s merger with WarnerMedia, the company, now called Warner Bros. Discovery, is reportedly looking to reshape the future of DC Entertainment.

April 12, 2022

How Alim Smith Went From Painting Memes For Instagram to Becoming the Lead Artist on ‘Atlanta’

We spoke to Alim Smith about how he went from Instagram meme creator to becoming the lead artist on FX’s 'Atlanta' after being a lifelong Donald Glover fan.

April 8, 2022

The Weeknd & Doja Cat Lead 2022 Billboard Music Awards Finalists | Billboard News

Justin Bieber, Ye (formerly Kanye West) and Olivia Rodrigo are next up, with 13 nods each. BTS is the year’s top group or duo.

April 8, 2022

The Weeknd & Doja Cat Lead 2022 Billboard Music Awards Finalists: Full List

Justin Bieber, Ye (formerly Kanye West) and Olivia Rodrigo are next up, with 13 nods each. BTS is the most-nominated group or duo.

April 7, 2022

The Kid LAROI, Vance Joy Lead 2022 APRA Awards Nominations

With four nominations, The Kid LAROI has the head start leading into the 2022 APRA Music Awards, set to be held next month in Melbourne.

April 6, 2022

Foo Fighters’ ‘Greatest Hits,’ ‘Everlong’ Lead Rock Charts After Taylor Hawkins’ Death

The band's longtime drummer died March 25 while the group was in Bogota.



November 26, 2021

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La Media Vuelta

September 10, 2021

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June 10, 2021

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Tu Paz (Remix)

May 22, 2021

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Muestra Tu Gloria

April 30, 2021

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Lugar Seguro

October 29, 2020

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Tu Paz feat. Cash Luna, Lowsan Melgar, Un Corazón, Kike Pavón, Evan Craft, Gabriel Rodriguez EMC, Madiel Lara, Jay Kalyl, Josh Gamez, Musiko

March 18, 2020

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February 7, 2020

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Que lo sepa la calle

January 20, 2020

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Dios es bueno (Live) (feat. Un Corazón)

November 22, 2019

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May 24, 2019

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Jesús Pt. 2 feat. Musiko

March 22, 2019

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No me faltarás

February 20, 2019

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November 28, 2018

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Volver a nacer

October 16, 2018

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Te Anhelo

June 20, 2018

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Bajo tu mano

May 11, 2018

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Jesús Ganó

March 30, 2018

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El Camino

December 1, 2017

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Somos Uno

November 5, 2017

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Espíritu Santo

September 21, 2017

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July 28, 2017

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Love Word Power

April 27, 2017

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April 9, 2017

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October 30, 2016

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Apagas Mi Sed

October 30, 2016

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October 30, 2016

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Por la Eternidad (feat. Un Corazón)

August 27, 2016

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Perfecto Amor

June 4, 2016

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Amor Palabra Poder

February 12, 2016

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